The Virginia Emergency Operations Center (VEOC) responds to calls for assistance from 141 local governments throughout the Commonwealth. Here, representatives from state, federal, private and nonprofit groups work together to form the Virginia Emergency Support Team.  The VEST coordinates the delivery of personnel, equipment and services to disaster-stricken areas. A state-of-the-art mobile command post is also available to assist with field operations.The VEOC serves as the state’s Search and Rescue Coordination Center, answering requests for the state’s Search and Rescue program and the Hazardous Materials Emergency Response program.It is located in a secure facility at the Virginia State Police Headquarters in Chesterfield County, Virginia.



  • No increase or very limited increase in staff at VEOC (Virginia Emergency Operations Center).
  • Local and state agencies have not requested assistance.
  • There is no State of Emergency.
  • There may be a local declaration of emergency in response to individual incidents.
  • Hurricane Readiness Condition 5.

Increased Readiness

  • There may be an increase in staffing at the VEOC.
  • One or more localities may have made local emergency declarations.
  • The governor may have declared a State of Emergency.
  • A situation or threat has required local and/or state agencies to invoke the state’s Emergency Operations Plan.
  • There may be a declaration of Notice of Unusual Event at a nuclear facility.
  • Authorities have identified a plausible terrorist threat without a specific location or time.
  • Virginia could be assisting another state under the Emergency Management Assistance Compact program (EMAC or state-to-state mutual aid).
  • Hurricane Readiness Condition 4.

Response Operations

  • The VEOC has added or fully augmented VEOC staff on a 24-hour schedule.
  • The governor may have declared a State of Emergency.
  • There may be a federal disaster declaration for Virginia.
  • The state’s Emergency Operations Plan is in use.
  • A declaration of Alert, Site Area Emergency, or General Emergency at a nuclear facility.
  • A probable terrorist event with major consequences has been identified.
  • Virginia is participating in EMAC or Statewide Mutual Aid activities.
  • Hurricane Readiness Condition 3.

Recovery Operations

  • The VEOC is still involved in the event and is returning to decreased status levels.
  • Activities are shifting away from the VEOC toward a Recovery Coordination Center or a Joint Field Office.


Watch Center: The Watch Center is the emergency point of contact for the Commonwealth, connecting the VEOC to local emergency managers across Virginia, as well as other state emergency operations centers across the country and to partner agencies at the federal level.  Staffed 24 hours a day, seven days a week, the Watch Center coordinates day-to-day situational assessment, alerts and warnings, resource management, operational planning and reporting, and external relations.

Planning Section: During a disaster, critical information is distilled at regular intervals to document the actions, plans and decisions of responders.  This data is funneled into situation reports, spot reports and briefings for the governor and other decision-makers.

External Affairs: In the Joint Information Center, Public Information Officers from state agencies work together to ensure the most accurate, up-to-date information is available to the public.  These officers represent each organization involved in a response effort.  Information is disseminated from the JIC through news releases, Emergency Alert System messages, and media interviews.

Operations Section: Each emergency response effort, from sheltering to recovery, is categorized into one of 17 emergency support functions. These ESFs work together on the Operations Floor of the VEOC to track status updates, actions and resource requests.

Logistics Section: Local requests for assistance involve the flow of personnel, equipment and services from place to place.  The Logistics Section fulfills requests for assistance using technology, information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, material handling, and packaging.